Ever since the first flea probably landed on a dog, someone has been trying to develop a product that can kill those pesky parasites without harming the host. In recent years, shampoo formulations have become very popular as many consumers are becoming more aware of these products and their potential side effects.
In this article, you will learn about antiparasitic shampoos, what is in them and how they work.
What are antiparasitic shampoos?
Antiparasitic shampoos are considered a form of ectoparasiticide because they kill parasites that live on the skin.
Most of these products contain active ingredients known as insecticides, which kill or disable ectoparasites such as ticks and fleas by affecting their nervous system and causing paralysis.
Many of the products in this category are known as “spot-on” treatments because they are applied to a specific area of the animal, usually between the shoulder blades.
The insecticide is typically delivered through the animal’s skin and hair follicles. This allows it to be distributed across the body in a quick and efficient manner after a short period of time.
What are the ingredients in antiparasitic shampoos?
Most antiparasitic shampoos contain insecticides that are known as pyrethrins, which are derived from chrysanthemum flowers. These products also contain various forms of soaps and other solvents to carry the active ingredient onto the skin and into the hair follicles.
What types of parasites does shampoo kill?
Most antiparasitic shampoos are considered broad-spectrum because they can effectively remove and control a wide variety of ectoparasites such as:
Fleas. Common species include cat flea ( Ctenocephalides felis ) and dog flea ( Ctenocephalides canis ). Lice. Species include biting louse ( Trichodectes canis ) and sucking louse ( Linognathus setosus ). Ticks. Common species include American dog tick ( Dermacentor variabilis ), brown dog tick ( Rhipicephalus sanguineus ), lone star tick ( Amblyomma americanum ) and deer tick ( Ixodes scapularis ).
Why are antiparasitic shampoos effective?
Most of these products are considered to be pretty safe when applied according to label instructions because they are designed to affect the nervous system in a specific manner by disrupting the normal transmission of nerve impulses.
After a short period of time, the animal’s natural grooming behavior removes them from the treated area. Also, shampoo formulations don’t leave many pesticide residues on the coat because they have low water solubility — which allows for easy removal with water.
Are antiparasitic shampoos effective against all parasites?
Most of these products are considered broad-spectrum, which means they are effective at controlling a wide variety of ectoparasites. Also, since the product’s effectiveness varies from species to species, it’s a good idea to consult your veterinarian before using any antiparasitic shampoo.
As with any product, not all shampoos are the same. So it’s important to make sure you get the right shampoo for your pet.
The best antiparasitic shampoo:
Make sure you read the product label to ensure this is the right type of shampoo for your dog.
All content as is, no warranty. You can use the information provided on this website for research and education purposes only. Always check with your health care provider before making any changes to your dog’s diet or lifestyle. The author is not a vet and this article was not written by a vet.